Toan Quoc lawfirm – Legal services for foreign investment

Toan Quoc Lawfirm is established to provide the Legal Services for all clients in Vietnam, especially for the foreign invested business community. Benefiting from the experience and expertise of the team of consultants as well as a new generation of employees with national and international qualifications has meant that the provided Legal Services reach a […]

Toan Quoc Lawfirm is established to provide the Legal Services for all clients in Vietnam, especially for the foreign invested business community. Benefiting from the experience and expertise of the team of consultants as well as a new generation of employees with national and international qualifications has meant that the provided Legal Services reach a high level of professionalism with the focuses on business-oriented legal advice and services. The majority of our lawyers are also qualified as business consultants as they are also businessmen involving in deferent investment projects in both pre- and post-licensing stages.

We also maintain close cooperation with many other national law firms and consultant companies. In line with the integration of Vietnam into the international community, many key lawyers of the firm have joined the Vietnam Bar Association (VBA) which gives them regular opportunities to exchange information and work with their colleagues.

The main range of our practice and services covers:

• Civil and Contract Law

• Banking and Financial Law

• Corporate Governance

• Foreign Investment

• Tax Law

• Legal Due Diligence

• Domestic Investment

• Arbitration and Litigation

• Labour/Union Relations

• Corporate Law

• Environmental Protection

• Administrative Procedures

• Commercial Law

• Property and Real Estate     

• Maritime and Aviation

•  International Trade Law

• Leasing        

• Accounting and Auditing

• Land Law

•  Agency and Franchising

• Advertising and Unfair Competition

• Insurance     

•  Construction           

• Product Liability/Consumer Protection

Please contact us …..

 Legal services for foreign investment certificate in Vietnam

Luattoanquoc – Establishing a business in Vietnam is not simple overnight works. There are a number of important steps that must be taken in order to ensure proper compliance with the Vietnam’s laws.  Key among these processes are the acquiring of an Investment Certificate, charter capital, and establishing the correct management structure of the company.

Due to the country’s complex legal processes, when establishing a company in Vietnam, we recommend that professional assistance be sought in order to help guide you through the setup procedures and to aid you in understanding the roles and responsibilities of key positions  in the company. This will help ensure that your company is set up for success.

For a successful establishment creating a smooth start for your company, we highly recommend you to focus on the following issues:

  • Set-up Process
  • Charter Capital
  • Key Positions in Foreign-invested Entities

Set-up Process

The first step in setting up a business in Vietnam is acquiring an Investment Certificate (IC), also known as a Business Registration Certificate. The time period required to acquire an IC varies by industry and entity type, since these determine the registrations and evaluations required:

  • For projects that require registration, IC issuance takes about 15 working days.
  • For projects subject to evaluation, IC issuance time is likely to vary. Projects not requiring the Prime Minister’s approval take 20 to 25 working days, while projects that do need such approval take approximately 37 working days.

It is important to note that during the IC application process, under Vietnamese law, all documents issued by foreign governments and organizations must be notarized, consular legalized, and translated into Vietnamese. Once the IC has been issued, additional steps have to be taken to complete the procedure and start business operations, including:

  • Seal carving
  • Tax code registration (within ten working days of the issuance of the IC)
  • Bank account opening
  • Labor registration
  • Business license tax payment
  • Charter capital contribution
  • Public announcement of company establishment

Charter Capital

As defined by Vietnam laws, charter capital is “the amount of capital contributed or undertaken to be contributed by shareholders in a certain period and stated in the charter of the company.” In an additional clarification of the definition, the Vietnamese government stated that “the charter capital of a shareholding company is the aggregate par value of the number of issued shares.”

Therefore, charter capital can be used as working capital to operate the company. It can be combined with loan capital or constitute 100 percent of the total investment capital of the company. Both charter capital and the total investment capital (which also includes shareholders’ loans or third-party finance), along with the company charter, must be registered with the license-issuing authority of Vietnam. Investors cannot increase or decrease the charter capital amount without prior approval from the local licensing authority.

In addition to the Foreign Invested Entity (FIE)’s investment certificate, capital contribution schedules are set out in FIE charters (articles of association), joint venture contracts and/or business cooperation contracts. Members and owners of Limited Liability Corporations (LLCs) must contribute charter capital within the capital contribution schedules of their chosen method of business establishment.

In order to be able to transfer capital into Vietnam, after setting up the FIE, foreign investors must open a capital bank account in a legally licensed bank. A capital bank account is a special purpose foreign currency account designed to enable tracking of the movement of capital flows in and out of the country. This type of account allows money to be transferred to current accounts in order to make in-country payments and other current transactions.

Key Positions in Foreign-invested Entities

The key positions in foreign-invested entities vary by entity type. Here, we’ll discuss the management structure of an LLC.

The management structure of a multiple-shareholder LLC consists of:

  • The Member’s Council and its Chairman
  • The General Director
  • The Board of Supervision (when the LLC has more than ten members)

The Member’s Council is the highest decision-making body of the company and serves a management role under its Chairman. In an LLC with multiple owners, each member participates in the Member’s Council.  If the owner of the LLC is a business entity, that entity can appoint representatives to serve on the Member’s Council.

The Member’s Council must convene at least once a year, however, the Chairman or a shareholder holding at least 25 percent of the share capital can request a meeting at any time. The Chairman is responsible for preparing meeting agendas, convening meetings, and signing documents on behalf of the Member’s Council.

The General Director oversees the daily business of the company and implements resolutions of the Member’s Council.

In the case that an LLC has more than ten members, the creation of a Board of Supervision is mandatory. The formation, operation, powers, and functions of the Board of Supervision are not stipulated in law, but are instead prescribed in the company’s charter (articles of association).

For any questions regarding establishing a business in Vietnam, please send your inquiries to Luattoanquoc …. 

Corporate Establishment

Our advisors can advise on the legal incorporation of your investment in Vietnam. This important legal process, when combined with our tax planning services, provides your business with superior and integrated corporate establishment process under one service provider. The corporate types are as follows;

  • Representative Office
  • Branch Office
  • Liaison Office
  • Project Office
  • Wholly Foreign-Owned Entity
  • Limited Liability Partnerships & Corporation
  • Joint Venture
  • Holding Company
  • Offshore Company
  • Non-Governmental Organization

 Legal services for Foreign Invested Enterprises in Vietnam

 Provided upon request : 

Phone: 19006500

or email : lienhe@luattoanquoc.com